Network Monitoring

What does “Network Monitoring” actually entail?

The software and operating system layers must also be inspected when monitoring a network. Engineers rely on network monitoring software to detect and troubleshoot network issues. This essay will explain the basics of network monitoring, including its primary applications, common challenges, and the most important qualities a good network monitoring tool must possess.

How does network surveillance work?

Networks allow for the transfer of data between two distinct types of systems, such as two computers or apps. The OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) Model breaks down the various steps required for data transmission between computers. These actions need one another to complete. From the physical layer all the way up to the OSI’s topmost application layer, data transmission necessitates the use of ever higher-level protocols. The data can’t be sent until it happens. To help engineers fix network problems at whatever tier they occur, network monitoring provides insight into the various parts that make up the network.

Monitoring the Network Infrastructure

Businesses responsible for managing on-premises workloads or datacenters must check the condition of the hardware used to route network traffic and make sure it is up to snuff. Organisations utilising a device-centric strategy monitor both the physical infrastructure used to transmit data, like cabling, and the logical infrastructure, like routers, switches, and firewalls. It is conceivable for a single networking equipment to connect to multiple other devices through a variety of interfaces, each of which could potentially fail.

Keeping Tabs on Your Network’s Hardware

Most network devices will already have built-in support for the SNMP standard for network management. With the help of SNMP, you can keep tabs on all of the data coming into and going out of your network, along with a host of other crucial parameters. This is essential for ensuring the well-being and competence of equipment located on the premises.

Engineers and administrators can use network monitoring tools to collect data from network devices in the following categories:

  • Uptime
  • The uninterrupted time that data is sent and received by a piece of network hardware.
  • Processor Utilisation
  • The extent to which a network node has generated output, processed input, and stored data.
  • Data transfer rate


The amount of data being transferred through an interface at any given instant in time, expressed in bytes per second. A common set of metrics for engineers to keep an eye on is the throughput of both individual interfaces and the sum of all interfaces on a given device.

Errors in the interface/discards

A data packet is dropped due to an error in the receiving device’s network interface. There could have been configuration issues, bandwidth issues, or other causes that led to errors and discards at the interface.

A look at IP stats

IP metrics such as hop count and time delay can be used to evaluate the quality and competence of inter-device connections.

Monitoring actual network activity

Data transmission through a network also involves higher-level software layers of the network stack. These software layers are superimposed on top of the network’s hardware layers.